Abby, Maryann, Eleena
Celts outline

Thesis statement: The main components of the Celtic world were geography, military, and culture. The Celts had a thriving culture and fought fiercely against oppression from the Romans while living in harmony with nature. They were aware of the environment and used it to their advantage while respecting its many forms of life. The Celts were one of the most important civilizations of the ancient world.

I.
The Geography of the Celtic land was full of beautiful forests and rolling hills, which were revered and used to their full extent to help the Celts survive

A. Location: The Celts were scattered across Northern and Western Europe, living in nomadic tribes and concentrated in places such as Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and Britain
B. Interaction with environment: The Celts interacted with the environment through farming; they depended on agriculture for survival
C. Place: The climate where the Celtic tribes lived was cold and wet, the region mountainous, with rivers, streams, lakes, etc. There were rolling hills, cliffs, valleys, and plains
. D. Region: The Celts dwelled mostly in Northern and Western Europe
E. Impact on culture: The environment incredibly impacted Celtic culture; rituals and rites performed with natural elements and the Celts believed their deities lived within nature
F. Movement: The Celts traded throughout Europe and to places such as Italy, Rome, and Greece. Some of the tribes were nomadic and only stayed in one place for a short while.


II.
The Celt’s military was a powerful assembly of warriors, stronger than even the great Romans had anticipated

A. Weapons: Most warriors carried a spear, a sword, and several daggers with them. Weapons and tools were crafted of iron, Celtic peoples being among the first to realize the metal’s strength and durability. The Celts invented chain mail and used chariots, but were known to go into battle without armor.
B. Armies: The Celts had ferocious armies. Chieftains were expected to lead their tribes into battle. Their society was built on conquest and they quickly advanced throughout much of Europe.
C. Significant Battles: The Celts didn’t have numerous battles that were historically significant, but there were many wins and defeats.


III. Celtic culture is full of diverse beliefs that hugely influenced the day-to-day lives of the Celts and is still speculated over today

A. Religion: The Celts had a pagan religion like many other cultures of the time, before Christianity spread throughout the world. They had four major festivals and believed strongly in the significance of nature.
B. Arts: The Celts had very natural art
C. Architecture: The Celts built outstanding hilltop forts and lived in roundhouses in villages.
E. Education: The Celts had no real schools until Christian missionaries set them up, so they had no specific education except passing down myths
F. Science: The Celts had many advanced surgery procedures, made medicines out of herbs, and studied astrology.